Under-stamped documents can be admitted as relevant evidence in insolvency proceedings, the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal said, while reconciling differing views of tribunal benches on the issue.
Stamp duty is merely a curable technicality, an issue that could be raised before appropriate authorities, the appellate tribunal said.
The law of evidence provides that insufficiently stamped documents cannot be admitted as evidence in the court of law. However, NCLT being an insolvency court is obligated to look only to the fact that the debt is due, the NCLAT said while relying on Supreme Court rulings.
Vistra ITCL India Ltd., a financial creditor of Satra Properties (India) Ltd., had initiated insolvency against the company in August this year. It had relied on Redeemable Non-Convertible Debentures Subscription Agreement and the Debenture Trust Deed as evidence of debt.
The company opposed the insolvency application on grounds that both the documents were insufficiently stamped, and under the Maharashtra Stamps Act could not be admitted as evidence of debt and default.
The tribunal had dismissed this argument, and admitted the application saying the insufficiency of stamp duty is irrelevant in determining admissibility of an insolvency application. The judicial and technical member, however, had different views as to the necessity of stamp duty payment.
The appellate tribunal didn’t opine on this aspect but concluded that an unstamped NCD subscription agreement is sufficient and relevant in evidencing debt.
According to Piyush Mishra, partner at Luthra and Luthra, stamp duty being a curable defect doesn’t pose an impediment to a financial debt whose existence and default can be proved otherwise.
The appellate tribunal’s order has reconciled the conflicting views that had emerged from Chandigarh and Mumbai benches on the issue of under-stamped documents as evidence of debt.